The Hidden Dangers Posed By Ticks

Hopefully this article will help to explain what types of ticks may be prevalent in your area, what they look like, and the potential diseases or problems they can cause to pets and people. There are several different types of ticks in the U.S. and other parts of the world.

1. American Dog Tick (Dermacentor variabilis) Also known as “Wood Ticks”

Found: Mostly east of the Rocky Mountains and in some areas on the Pacific Coast.
Can transmit: Tularemia and Rocky Mounted Spotted Fever

2. Blacklegged or Deer tick (Ixodes scapularis)

Found: The northeast and upper midwest United States
Can transmit: Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, babesiosis Borrelia miyamotoi and Powassan disease.

3. Brown Dog Tick (Rhipicephalus sanguineus)

Found: Worldwide and all across the U.S.
Can transmit: Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever rickettsia

4. Gulf Coast Tick (Amblyomma maculatum)

Found: Coastal areas of the U.S. along the Atlantic coast and the Gulf of Mexico
Can transmit: Rickettsia parkeri rickettsiosis (a form of spotted fever).

5. Lone Star Tick (Amblyomma americanum) (also known as the northeastern water tick, or turkey tick)

Found: East, Southeast, and Midwestern United States
Can transmit: Monocytic Ehrlichiosis, Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and ‘Stari’ borreliosis

6. Rocky Mountain Wood Tick (Dermacenter andersoni)

Found: Northwestern United States and Southwestern Canada
Can transmit: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Colorado tick fever, tularemia

7. Western-Blacklegged Tick (Ixodes pacificus)

Found: Pacific coast of the U.S. and especially northern California
Can transmit: Anaplasmossis and Lyme disease

8. Pacific Coast Tick (Dermacentor occidentalis)

Can transmit:Rocky Mountain spotted fever (Rickettsia rickettsii) to humans, cats, and dogs. Nymphs and adults can transmit 364D rickettsiosis (Rickettsia phillipi) to humans, tularemia (Francisella tularensis) to humans, cats, and dogs

Which States Have Ticks That Carry Lyme Disease?

According at 2015 CDC report 95% of confirmed Lyme disease cases were reported from 14 states:

Connecticut
Delaware
Maine
New Jersey
Pennsylvania
Maryland
Massachusetts
Minnesota
New York
Rhode Island
New Hampshire
Vermont
Virginia
Wisconsin

Signs of Tick-Borne Diseases in Dogs

Lyme disease:

  • Joint pain
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever

Anaplasmosis (Dog Fever):

  • Joint pain
  • Lethargy
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Vomiting and diarrhea

Erlichiosis

  • Fever
  • Depression
  • Weight loss
  • Runny Nose
  • Watery eyes
  • Decreased appetite


Babesiosis

  • Fever
  • Anemia
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Dark urine
  • Weakness

These diseases can have serious complications, so prompt treatment is a must.

Sources
https://www.cdc.gov/lyme/stats/index.html